Although Chilean wine is considered "New World", Chile's first vines were planted in the 1500s. As Europeans migrated to Chile, they brought with them grape vine from back home. Chile's climate is incredibly diverse, thus it can support a wide variety of grapes and styles of wine. The most widely planted vines in Chile are Cabernet Sauvignon, Carménère, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Sauvignon Blanc, and Chardonnay.
Chile's most established wine regions are located around the city of Santiago. The Maipo Valley is home to some of the most widely known and respected wineries in Chile. Further south is the Rapel Valley, home to the Cachapoal and Colchagua Valleys. To the East is the Casablanca Valley, where cooler varietals like Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Sauvignon Blanc are grown.